Recovery project of a former canapificio in a youth hostel in Migliarino, Ferrara. The intervention is located inside the municipal multipurpose center of Migliarino, obtained from the recovery of a former canapificio, and concerns a portion of the building of 510 square meters, intended to house a youth hostel. The project can count for its execution on a reduced regional financing and a dubious operating profitability. The management aspect is therefore a central element of the project: economic and energy saving become the primary objective. The intervention is thought of as
a 'passive machine' capable of conveying the natural motion of the air to gain climatic benefit, while the distribution of the systems and the morphological definition of the different environments, conceived to obtain a minimization of the elements and technologies used, allow an elastic capacity of reception : maximum in spring-summer and on the occasion of special events, reduced to essential in periods with less crowds. While the reception and service areas are provided on the ground floor, the second floor is characterized by a single large room with aerial-illuminating surfaces on one side only. On the opposite side there are four rooms on two levels with independent services, common toilets and a staircase. The compact and well-defined volume is easy to condition using traditional methods.
In the main space, on the other hand, air conditioning is based on passive ventilation, facilitated by the northern position of the openings and by two ventilation towers placed on the roof. The fact that it cannot be divided into additional housing units, given the uniqueness of the light and air source, suggests an alternative solution to the dormitory: as in an indoor campsite, autonomous cells are inserted, delimited by light envelopes. Independent 'rooms' not only physically but also climatically: a punctual air conditioning system allows you to choose which ones to 'switch on'. The entire plant network is housed in the inspectable wooden platform which acts as a connective tissue between cell and cell. The variation in height dictates the distinction between the most intimate space of the rooms and the common day space. The movement of the perimeter of the platform creates opportunities for sitting and relaxation. The space remains fluid while allowing a multiplicity of distinct uses, while the monochromaticity of the furnishings and the elements inserted enhances its plasticity.