Perspective is the fundamental historical difference between Western and Chinese painting. After the 13th century, Western painting developed vanishing points in fixed perspective. Chinese painters, while aware of perspective, rejected the single vanishing point method, producing landscapes with “parallel perspectives”, in which the viewer travels through the painting. The new museum is located at the gates of the Contemporary International Practical Exhibition of Architecture in the green landscape of Pearl Spring near Nanjing, China. The museum, completed by Steven Holl Architects, is made up of a “field” of spaces in parallel perspective. The straight passage of the ground floor gradually turns into a winding passage up to the floor above. The upper gallery, suspended in the air, develops
in a sequence of clockwise turns and culminates with a point from which you have a view of the city of Nanjing in the distance. The significance of this rural site becomes urban through this visual axis that links it to the great capital of the Ming dynasty, Nanjing. The courtyard is paved with recycled bricks from the destroyed courtyards of downtown Nanjing. Limiting the museum's colors to black and white harks back to ancient paintings, but also provides a background to highlight the colors and textures of the works of art and architecture that will be exhibited inside. Bamboo, which already grew on the site, was used to shape the concrete, which was subsequently impregnated with black color. The Museum has geothermal heating and cooling, and recycles rainwater.