A life devoted to architecture, until the last moment at the age of 104 years. A 'architecture as a means to achieve prosperity: "What matters is not the architecture, but life, friends and this unjust world that we have to change" and never lived as a job but as a pleasure "Architecture is a hobby, one of my joys: create form new and creative that reinforced concrete suggests, discover it, multiply it, insert it into the most advanced technique. This is for me to invent the show architecture ".
These are the words of Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho known as Oscar Niemeyer said "father of Brasilia" the great Brazilian architect was born in Rio de Janeiro on December 15 1097, 5 died last December, days before his 10 105 years , who left an indelible mark in the world thanks to his work, designing some of the most famous modernist buildings of the twentieth century and being a pioneer in the exploration of the constructive possibilities of reinforced concrete and expressive (working several years with Le Corbusier).
Although defender of utilitarianism differs from the usual, for this conception, straight lines "It is not the right angle that attracts me, nor the straight line, hard, inflexible man-made. What fascinates me is the free and sensual curve: the curve that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuous course of its rivers, in the waves of the ocean, in the clouds of the sky and in the body of the woman preferred ".
In fact, early in his career (he graduated as an engineer-architect in 1934) although with economic problems in the study preferred to work free of Lucio Costa and Carlos Leano where he had fertile ground for its innovative ideas "I did not like most of my colleagues, to adapt to this commercial architecture that we find everywhere, although I had a penny I preferred to work for free in the study of the Coast where I found the answers to my doubts of young student". E 'of those years also the meeting with Le Corbusier affecting it much in his style based on the infinite possibilities of reinforced concrete.
In 1945 will enter the Brazilian Communist Party who remain faithful until death. This will affect a lot of his life as an architect, in fact, with the advent of the dictatorship everything was different for him: "My office was ransacked my projects have gradually begun to be rejected. The place of a communist architect is in Moscow, told me one day a minister " . E 'of those years the famous phrase of Fidel Castro: "Niemeyer and I are the last remaining communist".
For this reason in 1967 was exiled in Paris, before returning to Brazil at the end of the dictatorship.
In short, a full life and jagged punctuated by many successes.
Among the most important are:
1940 - "Pampulha complex" design of a series of buildings that were commissioned for a new district of Belo Horizonte, capital of the state of Minas Gerais
1947 - project of the headquarters of the United Nations in New York
1952 / 53 - built his home in Rio de Janeiro (Casa das Canoas)
1954-55 - designed the Museum of Modern Art in Caracas (Caracas MAM)
1956 - Commission for the construction of many buildings for the new capital Brasilia:
- Residence of the President
- House of Representatives
- The National Congress
1986 - at the age of 89 years created what many consider his best work: the Museum of Contemporary Art Niteroi
2009 - completed construction dell'Aditorium Ravello dedicated to him.
GREETINGS TO LAST GREAT ARCHITECTS OF 900