Xavier Pauchard

Xavier Pauchard was born in Le Morvan in 1880 in France from a family that traditionally made roofs made of zinc. In 1907 Xavier realized that in order to defend the metal from rust, he could immerse it in zinc or subject it to galvanization.

These biographical traits are important because they represent the prodromes of what Xavier realized later, that is, he founded a metal housewives factory and called him Tolix, the name with which the company is still renowned.

In the 1934, he designed the Tolix A chair, in galvanized metal, suitable for any climate, even for the outdoors, with holes to drain the water. Chair A soon became popular not only in cafes, but also in hospitals, factories and offices. The design of the chair A according to many users had a flaw, did not provide that the chairs were stackable, problem solved in the final version that allowed the famous chair to be stacked up to form a tower 2,3 meters high.

Tolix remained the property of the Pauchard family up to the 2004, when on the verge of bankruptcy it was taken over by Chantal Andriot. Today this company is still productive and its chair is still exhibited at the MOMA in New York, at the Pompidou Center in Paris and at the Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein in Germany.


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