Recently completed in South Tyrol the Messner Mountain Museum Corones, designed by Zaha Hadid Architects.
Built within the summit of Mount Kronplatz, 2.275m sea level in the center of the most popular ski resort in South Tyrol, the Messner Mountain Museum Corones is surrounded by the peaks of the Zillertal Alps, the Ortler and the Dolomites.
Founded by the famous climber Reinhold Messner, the sixth and last Messner Mountain Museum explores the tradition, the history of mountaineering and discipline.
Messner, the first person to climb all 14 mountains all over the world to more than 8.000 meters and the first to climb Everest without using oxygen tanks, talks about his vision for the MMM Corones: "Kronplatz offers a view beyond the borders of South Tyrol for all points of the compass: the Lienz Dolomites, the Ortler east to west, from the Marmolada glacier south of the Zillertal Alps in the north. The museum is a mirror of the world of my childhood. The Odle, the central buttress of Heiligkreuzkofel (the most difficult climb in my life) and the glaciers of the granite mountains of Ahrntal "Messner continues," On Kronplatz present the development of modern mountaineering and 250 years of progress in the 'equipment. I talk about triumphs and tragedies on the most famous peaks in the world - the Matterhorn, Cerro Torre, K2, and shed light on mountain climbing with the help of relics, thoughts, art and reflecting the backdrop of the mountains outside all 'interior of MMM Corones. "
Zaha Hadid explains the concept of the project: "The idea is that visitors can descend into the mountain to explore its caves and grottoes, before emerging through the wall of the mountain on the other side, on the terrace overlooking the valley well below the spectacular views. " In 2003, the peace bell Concordia 2000 was the first cultural installation to combine sport and recreation facilities at the summit of Mount Plan de Corones, which include facilities for hang gliding and paragliding, restaurants and Gipfel Kron, a replica of a settlement of the natives Americans, as well as the summit station of the cable car at Kronplatz 2000 Riscone / Reischach, Olang Olang cable car, and a cable car in San Vigilio Ruis. The Mountain Museum will welcome visitors throughout the year to explore the world of Messner in which humanity is pushed to its limits, adding another cultural institution and educational Mount Plan de Corones. The vision of Reinhold Messner for a museum in basement top of Mount Kronplatz indicated three very specific locations in which the museum would have to emerge from the ground: "The first, a window that faces south-west to the summit of Mount Peitlerkofel the second, another window that had to look south towards the peak Heiligkreuzkofel, the third, a balcony had to be turned west toward the Ortles and the South Tyrol. "
Reflecting the lighter colors and tones of the jagged limestone peaks of the Dolomites, the skirts are made from a lighter shade of concrete reinforced with fiberglass and bends inside the museum to meet the darker interior panels that have the shine and the color anthracite found deep below the surface.
A series of steps, such as waterfalls in a mountain stream, through the museum to connect the exhibition space and define the movement of visitors on three levels. At the lowest level, visitors pass viewing windows, and through the tunnels emerge on the terrace which projects to 6m the mountain offering a panorama 240 degrees Alps. The museum is built on several levels to reduce its footprint. During construction, 4.000 cubic meters of earth and rock were excavated and then placed on and around the property once completed - dipping the museum within Mount Plan de Corones and helping to maintain an internal temperature more constant. The large windows allow natural light to penetrate deep inside the museum, attracting visitors forward through the panoramic windows.
Built in reinforced concrete built in-situ, the structure of the museum walls between 40-50cm, while the roof supporting the earth and rock that incorporates the museum in the mountains, also reaches 70 cm thick. The majority of the exterior panels and interior of the museum are made of in-situ concrete, with a mold with conical surface used to process the peaks and shoulders of the external panels. Almost 400 inner and outer panels with curved elements were more complex molds prefabbricatiutilizzando sculpted foam CNC machined using the model 3D architect.