The National Center of Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, opened to the public on January 31 1977, is located in Paris in Rue Beaubourg 19, for this is known in French as Beaubourg. The building is the work of Studio Piano and Rogers.
Appearance subjectively questionable (feature not random) Center is a work objectively almost perfect as it responds perfectly to what was the purpose of his creation, ie the creation of an appropriate structure to all sorts of cultural event to stop the decline of Paris from the art scene and to maintain its status as a major scene for contemporary art in the world, the desire to open the French creativity to the world and the desire to create a large monument in the capital that would represent the architecture of the second half of the twentieth century, which at that time was insignificant.
In fact, this building can be considered as a "monument" that has the intent to strike the popular imagination, it is a real publicity machine, the choice of location is provocative, which is to insert a hyper structure and mechanics in a historic setting so perfectly characterized.
It opens so that tendency of contemporary architecture that goes under the name of High tech.
The competition for the project was announced by the President of Pepubblica George Pompidou and has been won, chosen among other 681 projects, from the very young and then unknown Richard Rogers e Renzo Piano.
These two architects succeeded has meet the requirements that the client required by the aggravation of the pinata free, its methodology of the High-tech: the plant is repeated for five floors in elevation, great flexibility which translates into an internal space neutral, in this case a rectangle × 50 70, available in all possible internal joints by moving along the perimeter of the building and facilities.
Lies in this great innovation of the Centre Pompidou, the shift on the casing of static elements, systems, connections, stairs and elevators, etc., Until then every building the most innovative, had care, if not to hide, at least not to exhibit their "secrets". Though this would make you spring from pure functional needs, actually translates into a design research.
Proof of this is the external staircase, present in the main façade, a sort of glass tunnel, rightly identified with his living flow of visitors, such as the single most marked the whole composition.
While in the prospectus secondary path is totally conducted by the plants which also curvandisi top also determine the volume of the building from this side.
In short, a, architecture has become more than a decade ago that perfectly implemented often show a high level together with the events it hosts.
That is enough to make it a "monument" of contemporary architecture.