The room thermostat is a device able to detect the temperature of the environment in which it is located and to manage the boiler ignition by comparing the temperature measured with that requested by the user.
The room thermostat is a fundamental component of the heating system through which one can manage the degree of thermal well-being and at the same time the amount of energy consumed. If used well, a good thermostat can result in energy savings and consequently economic.
room thermostat types
The task that a thermostat must perform could seem very simple, apparently it would only be to turn off or turn on the boiler, in reality it is not so. Over the years the boilers have evolved in the direction of one greater efficiency, The reduction of consumption and environmental impact, with a strong reduction of gas production greenhouse. This research process also involved the room thermostat, to which more advanced features are required.
The simplest type of thermostat, is the mechanical thermostat where the sensitive element to the temperature variation is a fluid or a metal foil. In this type generally the only possible functionality is on / off. It is the same sensitive material that deforms when the temperature varies opens or closes the electric circuit that turns on the boiler.
A more evolved type is the electronic thermostat which uses the variation of some electrical parameters as the operating principle when the temperature changes. Generally this type of thermostats in addition to the on / off function can switch summer or winter operation, manage multiple daily temperature levels, for example night and day, have an antifreeze function, useful in the case of unused environments.
latest development is that of the thermostat modulating that the typical funzoni the electronic thermostat adds the ability to detect with which speed is reached the required room temperature and, according to this figure, adjust the system operating temperature. In this way it reduces the number of on / off switches and you get a greater comfort (the ambient temperature is more stable).
In all types of thermostats, it is possible to have one programming function in the time of the ambient temperature, in this case one speaks of programmable thermostat.
With the thermostat can be programmed room temperature according to the time and days of the week, resulting in better comfort than a classic thermostat. You can for example be programmed starting the heater a few hours before awakening, or a lowering of the room temperature for the hours of the day we know we spend outside the home, and then raise it before our return.
Even the thermostat can be of various types: mechanical, analog, digital, or the connected type, the choice of solution depends very much on the user's lifestyle and the way you use the house in which it is installed.
I thermostats with daily programming, are particularly indicated in apartments and homes that are not subject to excessive changes between one day and another. Those to weekly programmingon the other hand, they allow you to set a different temperature for each day of the week, so as to reduce consumption while still having a comfortable temperature when necessary.
Il room thermostat connected it is certainly the most flexible one, combining the advantages of programming with the possibility to intervene remotely at any time, guaranteeing the right ambient temperature even in unexpected situations. To the well-being management are added further advanced functions that allow to know in real time the functioning status of the boiler, including the management of anomalies. On the other hand it requires a certain familiarity with the technology.
Where to place the thermostat?
The position inside the house is extremely important for the correct functioning of the room thermostat. Having to find a datum that is representative of the temperature of the entire house, the thermostat should be placed in the environment of the house where most of the activities take place, such as the living room. or in an environment that has an average temperature compared to all the others, in a central room of the house.
If the thermostat was placed in the coldest part of the house, the other rooms are too warm. Conversely, if it was put in the hot seat, the other rooms would be cold.
The room thermostat can be placed on a piece of furniture or a shelf, or fixed to a wall at an average height of 150 cm from the ground. It must be protected from air currents from sources of heat and, if installed on the wall, it must not be placed on a wall in contact with an unheated area or in contact with the outside.
A further alternative would be to install the thermostat in the coldest place in the house, then installing in other environments thermostatic valves that automatically exclude the radiators in the rooms that have reached the desired temperature.